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Using a Food Truck as an E-2 Investment: A Viable Path

Using a Food Truck as an E-2 Investment: A Viable Path

What is a Food Truck?

A food truck is a mobile kitchen that serves a variety of foods to customers. These vehicles are equipped with cooking appliances and are designed to prepare and sell meals on the go. They are often seen at festivals, events, and popular city spots, offering convenience and diverse culinary options.

Food Truck Trends

The food truck industry has seen significant growth in recent years. Key trends include:

• Gourmet Offerings: Moving beyond simple street food, many trucks now offer gourmet meals, tapping into the demand for high-quality, unique dining experiences.

• Health-Conscious Menus: There is an increasing focus on health-conscious options, with many trucks offering vegan, vegetarian, and gluten-free menus.

• Local Sourcing: Emphasis on locally sourced and sustainable ingredients is becoming more common, aligning with broader consumer trends towards sustainability.

Food Truck Industry Overview

The food truck industry is a multi-billion dollar market with a robust growth trajectory. It is appealing due to its lower startup costs compared to traditional restaurants, flexibility, and the ability to reach a wide audience. This industry has become an integral part of urban culture and the culinary landscape.

Using a Food Truck for an E-2 Visa

The E-2 visa allows investors from treaty countries to enter the U.S. to direct and develop their business. Here’s how a food truck could fit the criteria:

1. Substantial Investment: Though the exact amount varies, the investment must be substantial. “Substantial investment” means that it has to be significant enough to ensure the success and viability of the business. This includes purchasing the truck, outfitting it with necessary equipment, obtaining licenses, and initial operating expenses.

2. Active Business: The business must be either active or ready to be operational. A well-conceived business plan that demonstrates the food truck’s potential for profitability is essential.

3. Job Creation: The business should contribute to the U.S. economy, typically through job creation. Employing staff for cooking, serving, and managing operations helps meet this requirement.

4. Ownership and Control: The investor must own at least 50% of the business and control its operations. This can be easily demonstrated in a sole proprietorship or partnership structure.

Strategic Approach

To maximize the chances of securing an E-2 visa with a food truck business, consider the following strategies:

• Detailed Business Plan: Develop a comprehensive business plan that includes all of the business’s operational details, an in-depth breakdown of the investment, realistic financial projections, and a marketing strategy. This plan should clearly show how the business will be profitable and create jobs.

• Market Research: Conduct thorough research to identify high-traffic areas and popular events where the food truck can operate. Understanding local regulations and obtaining necessary permits is crucial.

• Brand Development: Create a strong brand that stands out in the competitive food truck market. Unique branding and a strong online presence in the form of a website and social media channels can attract a loyal customer base.

• Financial Documentation: Maintain meticulous financial records to show the flow of investment funds and business expenses. This transparency is vital during the visa application process.

Beyond Personal Employment

It is crucial that the food truck business goes beyond just providing a job for the beneficiary and their family. The food truck must demonstrate that it is a profitable and sustainable business that hires sufficient staff. This can be proven with a strategic and solid immigration business plan, showcasing how the business will generate revenue in the 5 years following visa approval and create employment opportunities.

In conclusion, a food truck can indeed be a viable path to securing an E-2 visa with the right strategy and approach. By demonstrating substantial investment, creating a solid business plan, and ensuring the operation contributes to the U.S. economy, we have helped dozens of foreign entrepreneurs use a food truck to secure their E-2 visa. For more detailed guidance and to ensure you submit a robust business plan as part of your E-2 visa petition, contact us today.


The information provided in this blog is intended solely for informational purposes. While we strive to offer accurate and up-to-date content, it should not be considered legal advice. Immigration laws and regulations are subject to change, and individual circumstances can vary widely. For personalized guidance and legal advice regarding your specific immigration situation, we strongly recommend consulting with a qualified immigration attorney who can provide you with tailored assistance and ensure compliance with current laws and regulations.


Visa Business Plans is led by Marco Scanu, a certified coach from the University of Miami with a globally-based practice coaching Fortune 1000 company executives, entrepreneurs, as well as professionals in four different continents. Mr. Scanu advises clients on turnaround strategies and crisis management.

Mr. Scanu received a bachelor’s degree in Business Administration (Cum Laude) from the University of Florida and an MBA in Management from Bocconi University in Milan, Italy. Mr. Scanu was also a Visiting Scholar at Michigan State University under the prestigious H. Humphrey Fellowship (Fulbright program) with a focus on Entrepreneurship, Venture Capital, and high-growth enterprises.

At present, Mr. Scanu is the managing partner and CEO at Visa Business Plans, a Miami-based boutique consulting firm providing attorneys and investors with business planning services in the areas of U.S. and Canadian immigration, SBA loans, and others.


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